Yokohama is the capital of Kanagawa Prefecture in Japan, and the largest port in the country. In 2003, the city had a population of 3.5 million inhabitants with a density of 8050 inhab. / Km ². It is the second largest city in Japan after Tokyo. Its area is 437 km ². Established on April 1, 1889, on a peninsula on the western side of Tokyo Bay. Today is part of the metropolitan area, being located only 30 kilometers from the center of the capital. It is a residential area, where the population moves daily to work in Tokyo. Yokohama was a small fishing village before the port was created in 1859. The port is dedicated to the silk trade during the Meiji period and later was dedicated to the import of raw materials and export of products made in factories in the Keihin industrial area.
In recent years it has grown rapidly, aiming to compete with Tokyo as the business center. The best example of this is in Minato Mirai 21, a district populated by skyscrapers and new construction next to the port from which to highlight the Landmark Tower the tallest skyscraper in Japan so far, surpassing in height the Tokyo metropolitan Government building.
Another well known area in Yokohama’s Chinatown. Yokohama has always been a city for its port, where they met large groups of foreigners throughout Japanese history, and there is where the country’s largest Chinese community. Its Chinatown is populated with shops, and restaurants run by people of Chinese origin, and come in on weekend crowds of visitors from Tokyo and elsewhere. The Sankei Japanese garden, a little farther from downtown, or the Yamate district are other places that should not fail to mention the talk of Yokohama.