China has a population of more than 1.3 billion. It has a surface of 9.6 million square kilometers, and is the second-largest country in the world. It is divided in 22 provinces, 5 autonomous regions, four independent cities (Beijing, Tianjin, Shanghai, and Chongqing), and two special administrative regions (Hong Kong and Macau).
China landscape is vast and diverse, normal for such a big country, with forest steppes and the Gobi and Taklamakan deserts in the north and northwest near Mongolia and Central Asia, and subtropical forests in the south near Southeast Asia.
Western China is rugged and elevated, with the Himalaya, Karakoram, Pamir and Tian Shan mountain ranges separating China from South and Central Asia. The world’s tallest mountain, the Everest, is on the China–Nepal border and the K2 is located on the border with Pakistan. The country’s lowest point, Lake Ayding, is located in the Turpan Depression. The Yangtze and Yellow Rivers, the third and sixth longest in the world, begin in the Tibet and end in eastern China. The country coastline along the Pacific Ocean is 14,500 km long and is surrounded by the Bohai, Yellow, East and South China Seas.